The Barnard Archives & Special Collections is open at limited capacity, by appointment only. We also offer remote research/scanning services for all researchers and access to our digital collections online. Please reach out to with research requests and questions.

Celia Naylor, Associate Professor of History and Africana Studies, provides historical context for the current debates surrounding the Cherokee freedmen in the "First Peoples: New Directions for Indigenous Studies" blog.

Naylor is the author of African Cherokees in Indian Territory: From Chattel to Citizens (University of North Carolina Press, 2008), which examines the intricate and emotionally charged history of Cherokee freedpeople.